Potatoes - Cultivation
Potatoes are grown in cool climates, planted in rows, and thrive in well-drained soil mixed with organic compost. Once the seed has sprouted, the base should be surrounded in dirt and made into a small hill. Hilling prevents the growing tubers from coming in contact with the sun and turning green and bitter. Mulch also helps control this in addition to keeping the soil moist and weeds from forming. Potato seeds are planted in the early spring and are harvested in the late fall, but many potato varieties are now grown all over the world making them available year-round. Once harvested, potatoes are treated for two weeks to allow their skin to cure which contributes to longer storage life.