Garlic - Cultivation
Garlic is relatively easy to grow and can tolerate climates with frost. Garlic needs full sun and rich, well-draining, fertile loam soil. The soil should always remain airy, and Garlic requires a significant amount of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrients can be added to the soil through organic matter, fertilizer, and occasional mulching. In colder climates, mulching with straw can also help maintain warmth in the soil to protect the bulbs during frost. Garlic plants should be watered weekly, and the clove should be placed right side up when planting to ensure proper growth. Garlic can be planted year-round in some climates, but it is typically planted in the fall and harvested the following summer. Once collected, the bulbs are cured in a shady, dry location for two weeks to ensure the wrappers and cloves are dry for long-term storage.