The wild ramp, AKA wild leek, botanical name Allium tricoccum, is a flowering perennial plant that grows in clusters. It is a member of the Allium family along with onions and leeks
The Calamondin lime is a cross between a sour, loose skinned mandarin and a kumquat, therefore technically making it an orangequat.
Salanova® lettuce is a full-sized variety developed for the baby lettuce market. Botanically these varieties are scientifically known as Lactuca sativa.
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Surprise apples are most famous for their flesh color, but they have other qualities that recommend them as well. Surprises are medium sized and may be ribbed. The skin is typically yellow-green with some lenticels, though the salmon-pink flesh can sometimes show through the skin, making it appear blushed. The flesh is not uniformly pink throughout—the color is mixed with a creamy white. While some pink-fleshed varieties are more for show than flavor, Surprises are delicious. The flesh is juicy and crisp. They have nice aroma, and taste most like pear, with notes of berry and citrus. Picked early in the season, they are tarter, though the flavor mellows and becomes sweeter in storage.
Surprise apples are available in the early fall.
Surprise apples are a very distinctive heirloom apple, botanical name Malus domestica. This variety is distinguished by its intense pink flesh, and has been crossed with others to produce other more modern pink-fleshed apples. Its most well known offspring is the similarly pink-fleshed Pink Pearl.
Apples are part of a healthy diet. They have relatively few calories, are made mostly of water, and contain several key nutrients. The fiber in apples (both soluble and insoluble) aids in intestinal health and improves how the digestive system functions. Apples also contain Vitamin C and potassium, important for the immune system and hearth health.
Surprise apples offer high value for both dessert and culinary use. The early season Surprise is tart and keeps its shape when cooked, so it makes an excellent pie apple. Suprises become sweeter with some time in storage, and are well-suited to eat out of hand or in salads, to fully enjoy the flavor and color. They can also be used in cider making. This variety should be used within a few weeks in the fall, and does not store long-term.
American consumers are becoming more interested in a wide variety of apples, from heirlooms to modern-bred apples. Sweeter apples are more popular, and red- or pink-fleshed varieties are especially interesting to some. Surprise is a relative rare heirloom variety in the vein of the modern sweet variety, with an extra twist.
The exact origin and history of the Surprise apple is unknown. It most likely originated in Turkey, a descendent of the Niedzwetzkyana crab apple (Malus pumila). It made its way through Germany and England, and eventually to the United States by the 1830s. The American pomologist Albert Etter bred Surprises with other apples to make many new varieties with the characteristic pink flesh. The most commercially successful of Etter’s new varieties was the Pink Pearl. Surprises grow best and sweeter in slightly warmer climates, such as California.