Gol Nemu Limes
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Gol Nemu limes are small to medium in size, averaging 5-10 centimeters in length, and are oblong, cylindrical, and elongated in shape. The smooth, thin rind is firm, covered in prominent pores, and is green when young, transforming to yellow when mature. The flesh is pale green, soft, juicy, and divided into 8-10 segments by thin, white membranes. Gol Nemu limes are aromatic and full of volatile oils, offering an intense citrus-lime scent and have a sweet, tangy, and mildly acidic flavor.
Gol Nemu limes are available year-round in tropical climates.
Gol Nemu limes, botanically classified as Citrus limon, are an elongated variety grown in the Assam region of India, belonging to the Rutaceae family. Also known as Kazi Nemu, Kaji Nemu, Assam lemon, and Nemu Tenga, Gol Nemu limes are rare citrus found only in select tropical regions of India and are cultivated in high humidity and heavy rainfall. In the Indian state of Assam, the regional dialect often refers to limes as lemons mostly because the word for both is interchangeable in Assamese, so the Gol Nemu lime may also be labeled as a lemon. Gol Nemu limes are not commercially produced on a large scale due to thorny, slow hand-harvesting, and are predominately used in their green state for juicing and flavoring savory dishes.
Gol Nemu limes are an excellent source of vitamin C and also contain some iron, fiber, copper, and calcium.
Gol Nemu limes are best suited for both raw and cooked applications and are showcased when used as a finishing flavor and garnish. They can be sliced into wedges and served as an accompaniment to spicy dishes, curries, cooked meat, and vegetables. They can also be juiced or zested to flavor soups, desserts, and beverages, or dried, pickled, and preserved for extended use. Gol Nemu limes pair well with bell peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, pumpkin, poultry, fish, duck, pigeon, turmeric, cumin, coriander, ginger, garlic, rice, and lentils. The limes will keep up to one week when stored are room temperature and 2-4 weeks when stored in the refrigerator.
In India, Gol Nemu limes are known as the “queen of all citrus fruits” and are used as a treatment for digestive maladies and aromatherapy. The limes can be preserved for several years by being covered in salt for a few days, rubbed with mustard oil, and sun-dried. Gol Nemu lime seeds can also be removed, ground, and mixed with a small amount of water and prescribed for threadworms. In addition to its medicinal properties, Gol Nemu lime trees are a common backyard plant in Assam, India and are a symbol of prestige. Today the trees are utilized for the fruit’s juice and are used for lemonade, sour curries, and teas.
Gol Nemu limes are native to the Assam state of Northeastern India and have been growing naturally since ancient times. Today the limes are cultivated for local use, but recently there have been test exports to Japan to increase commercial production. Gol Nemu limes can be found at local fresh markets in the districts and cities of Nagaon, Morigaon, Nalbari, Barpeta, Mangaldoi, and Sonitpur which are located in the state of Assam in India.
Recipes that include Gol Nemu Limes. One is easiest, three is harder.
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